reference standard

Alternate spelling: randomised controlled trial A study comparing at least two interventions, in which the eligible participants are allocated randomly to the intervention group, or groups, and the control group. Acronym: RCT. Note 1: The control may be a standard practice, a placebo, other active intervention, or no intervention. Note 2: Participants may be individuals or groups (eg unit of randomization in a cluster randomized controlled trial).

and • provides information on costs and financial impact. Note 2: The report may optionally discuss organisational considerations. Note 3: A “mini-HTA” may be as rigorous as an HTA report but typically has a restricted scope and so is quicker to produce. Note 4: Related terms include health technology, HTA report, rapid review, level of evidence